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Timeline of first orbital launches by country

Or

der

Country

Satellite

Rocket

Location

Date (UTC)

1

 Soviet Union

Sputnik 1

Sputnik-PS

Baikonur, SU (today Kazakhstan) 

4 October 1957

2

 United States

Explorer 1

Juno I

Cape Canaveral, United States

1 February 1958

3

 France

Astérix

Diamant A

Hammaguir, Algeria

26 November 1965

4

 Japan

Ōsumi

Lambda 4S

Uchinoura, Japan

11 February 1970

5

 China

Dong Fang Hong I

Long March 1 

Jiuquan, China

24 April 1970

6

 United Kingdom

Prospero

Black Arrow

Woomera, Australia

28 October 1971

European Space Agency  

CAT-1

Ariane 1

Kourou, French Guiana

24 December 1979

7

 India

Rohini D1

SLV

Sriharikota, India

18 July 1980

8

 Israel

Ofeq 1

Shavit

Palmachim, Israel

19 September 1988

 Ukraine

Strela-3 (x6, RF) 

Tsyklon 3

Plesetsk, Russia

28 September 1991

 Russia

Kosmos 2175

Soyuz U

Plesetsk, Russia

21 January 1992

9

 Iran

Omid

Safir-1A

Semnan, Iran

2 February 2009

10

 North Korea

Kwangmyŏngsŏng 3 

Unha 3

Sohae, North Korea

12 December 2012

11

New Zealand





12






Timeline of first Human spaceflight by country

No.

Country

Name

Flight

Date (UTC)

1

Soviet Union

Yuri Gagarin

Vostok 1

12 April 1961

2

United States 

Alan Shepard

Mercury-Redstone 3(MR-3) or Freedom 7  

5 May 1961


Russia

Aleksandr Kaleri
Aleksandr Viktorenko 

Soyuz TM-14

17 March 1992

3

China

Yang Liwei

Shenzhou 5

15 October 2003

4

India



2020






Human spaceflight(person flights) by country(As of 20 April 2017)


Russia/USSR

 United States

China

Total

1961–1970    

16(26)

25(49)


41(75)

1971–1980

30(65)

8


38

1981–1990

24(64) *

37 *


61 *

1991–2000

20(60)

63


83

2001–2010

24(72)

34

3(6)

61

2011–2020

25(74)

3(16)

3(8)

31(98)

Total

139(361)

170(866)

6(14)

315(1241)






*The two failed launches of STS-51-L and Soyuz T-10-1.

Timeline of first Transfer Vehicle by country

No.

Coun

try 

Transfer

Vehicle

Name

Flight, number

docking   

Launch date 

docking date

Deorbit date

1

US

GATV-5003  

ATV

Atlas-Agena D SLV-3(2/19) 

Gemini 8

16/03/1966

16/03/1966

15 September 1967

2

SU

102

Progress 1

Soyuz-U(8)

Salyut 6

20/011978

22/01/ 1978  

8 February 1978

3

EU

ATV-1

Jules Verne  

Ariane 5ES(1) 

ISS

09/03/2008

03/04/2008

29 September 2008

4

Japan  

HTV-1

Kounotori

H-IIB F1

ISS

10/09/2009 

17/09/2009 

1 November 2009

5

China

LM-7 

Tianzhou 1

LM-7(2)

Tiangong 2 

20/04/2017

23/04/2017

20/07/2017

6









Timeline of space travel by nationality

No.

Country

Name                                  

Flight                                                        

Date (UTC)             

D1

1960-1969


1

Soviet Union

Yuri Gagarin

Vostok 1

12 April 1961

2

United States

Alan Shepard

Mercury-Redstone 3(MR-3) or Freedom 7

5 May 1961

D2

1970-1979


3

Czechoslovakia

Vladimír Remek

Soyuz 28

2 March 1978

4

Poland

Mirosław Hermaszewski

Soyuz 30

27 June 1978

5

East Germany

Sigmund Jähn

Soyuz 31

26 August 1978

6

Bulgaria

Georgi Ivanov

Soyuz 33

10 April 1979

D3

1980-1989

7

Hungary

Bertalan Farkas

Soyuz 36

26 May 1980

8

Vietnam

Phạm Tuân

Soyuz 37

23 July 1980

9

Cuba

Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez

Soyuz 38

18 September 1980

10

Mongolia

Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa 

Soyuz 39

22 March 1981

11

Romania

Dumitru Prunariu

Soyuz 40

14 May 1981

12

France

Jean-Loup Chrétien

Soyuz T-6

24 June 1982

13

West Germany

Ulf Merbold

STS-9

28 November 1983

14

India

Rakesh Sharma

Soyuz T-11

3 April 1984

15

Canada

Marc Garneau

STS-41-G

5 October 1984

16

Saudi Arabia

Sultan al-Saud

STS-51-G

17 June 1985

17

Netherlands

Wubbo Ockels

STS-61-A

30 October 1985

18

Mexico

Rodolfo Neri Vela

STS-61-B

26 November 1985

19

Syria

Muhammed Faris

Soyuz TM-3

22 July 1987

20

Afghanistan

Abdul Ahad Mohmand

Soyuz TM-6

29 August 1988

D4

1990-1999

21

Japan

Toyohiro Akiyama

Soyuz TM-11

2 December 1990

22

United Kingdom 

Helen Sharman

Soyuz TM-12

18 May 1991

23

Austria

Franz Viehböck

Soyuz TM-13

2 October 1991

24

Russia

Aleksandr Kaleri
Aleksandr Viktorenko

Soyuz TM-14

17 March 1992

25

Belgium

Dirk Frimout

STS-45

24 March 1992

26

Italy

Franco Malerba

STS-46

31 July 1992

27

Switzerland

Claude Nicollier

STS-46

31 July 1992

28

Ukraine

Leonid Kadenyuk

STS-87

19 November 1997

29

Spain

Pedro Duque

STS-95

29 October 1998

30

Slovakia

Ivan Bella

Soyuz TM-29

20 February 1999

D5

2000-2009

31

South Africa

Mark Shuttleworth

Soyuz TM-34

25 April 2002

32

Israel

Ilan Ramon

STS-107

16 January 2003

33

China

Yang Liwei

Shenzhou 5

15 October 2003

34

Brazil

Marcos Pontes

Soyuz TMA-8

30 March 2006

35

Iran

Anousheh Ansari

Soyuz TMA-9

18 September 2006

36

Sweden

Christer Fuglesang

STS-116

10 December 2006

37

Malaysia

Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor

Soyuz TMA-11

10 October 2007

38

South Korea

Yi So-yeon

Soyuz TMA-12

8 April 2008

D6

2010-2019

39

Denmark

Andreas Mogensen

Soyuz TMA-18M

2 September 2015

40

Kazakhstan

Aidyn Aimbetov

Soyuz TMA-18M

2 September 2015

41





42





43





Soyuz Launch Vehicle Users Manual - StarSem

List of space travelers(person flights) by nationality(20 April 2017)

As of May 2017, citizens from 37 countries have traveled in space 550(1232) people have reached Earth orbit. 553(1241) have reached the altitude of space according to the FAI definition of the boundary of space. (Joseph Walker/X-15(2), Michael Melvil(2), Brian Binnie/SpaceShipOne suborbit, 5 person flights)(+4 person flights suborbit Alan Shepard(USA) Mercury-Redstone 3(MR-3)  May 5 1961, Virgil I."Gus" Grissom(USA) Mercury-Redstone 4 July 21, 1961, Vasili Lazarev, Oleg Makarov Soyuz 18a April 5, 1975 USSR)

Of the 37 countries whose citizens have traveled into Earth orbit, 25 have only flown a single space traveler, and 4 others have only flown 2 each. 94,032% of all space travelers have been contributed by the following eight nations:





1

United States

338

61.121%

2

Russia1

123

22.242%

3

Germany2,3

11

1.989%

3

China

11

1,989%

3

Japan

11

1,989%

6

France2

10

1.803%

7

Canada

9

1.627%

8

Italy2

7

1.269%



520

94.032%

9

Belgium

2

0,362%

10

Bulgaria

2

0,362%

11

Netherlands

2

0,362%

12

United Kingdom

2

0,362%

13

Austria

1

0,181%

14

Afghanistan

1

0,181%

15

Brazil

1

0,181%

16

Cuba

1

0,181%

17

Czechoslovakia

1

0,181%

18

Denmark

1

0,181%

19

Hungary

1

0,181%

20

India

1

0,181%

21

Israel

1

0,181%

22

Kazakhstan

1

0,181%

23

Malaysia

1

0,181%

24

Mexico

1

0,183%

25

Mongolia

1

0,181%

26

Poland

1

0,181%

27

Romania

1

0,181%

28

Saudi Arabia

1

0,181%

29

Slovakia

1

0,181%

30

South Africa

1

0,181%

31

South Korea

1

0,181%

32

Spain

1

0,181%

33

Sweden

1

0,181%

34

Switzerland

1

0,181%

35

Syria

1

0,181%

36

Ukraine

1

0,181%

37

Vietnam

1

0,181%










- Other countries

33

5.967%



553(1241)

100.000%

1 Includes 61 Soviet cosmonauts and 11 cosmonauts who flew for both Russia and the Soviet Union.
2 Includes both national space programme activity and European Space Agency participation.
3 Includes astronauts from the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic.


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