Shenyang J-15 Flying Shark - Production and Deliveries
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J-15(1XX?) accident 06/04/2016 ?! Pilot Cao Xianjian
first fatal J-15(117?) accident 27/04/016!?! Pilot Zhang Chao
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Китайската палубна ескадрила
На 25 ноември 2012 година от масивен инфаркт почина създателя на китайската машина J-15 Луо Ян (Luo Yang), според една от догадките, която се коментира сред професионалисти и любители, че причината е загуба на пилот ипн изтребител по време на изпитания. Ден преди това на 23 ноември 2012 година беше извършено първото успешно кацане на палуба от J-15, според официално съобщение на НОАК.
На 17 април 2014 година самолетоносачът Liaoning постъпи за ремонт и модернизация в Далян. Няма данни той да е напускал корабостроителницата.
След повече от половин година ремонт(започнал на 17 април 2014 в Далян) на 26 октомври 2014 година Liaoning се завърна в базата си Циндао. Според наблюдатели скоро ще бъде обявена оперативната му готовност. Предполага се, че това ще стане на Airshow China 2014.
Японските средства за масова информация съобщиха, че по време на плаването на кораба от Далян до Циндао на борда се е взривила една от четирите газови турбини. Според тях в океана е изтекло голямо количество гориво.
Китайците опровергаха съобщението.
Според специалистите китайците разполагат към 01/01/2015 година с около 12 серийни J-15 от 100 до 111.
2nd batch of ship-borne fighter pilots makes debut
(Source: China Military Online) 2015-01-13
BEIJING, January 12 (ChinaMil) -- Another 8 ship-borne fighter pilots made successful landing on the aircraft carrier at the end of November 2014. This is the 2nd batch of ship-borne fighter pilots after their predecessors two years ago.
Yet according to analysis on procedures of the first batch of ship-borne fighter pilots who have acquired qualification certificate and badge, these 8 pilots haven’t received assessment of the certificate and badge.
On November 23, 2012, Dai Mingmeng, one of the first 5 ship-borne aircraft test pilots, steered a J-15 fighter and conducted successful arresting landing and ski-jump take-off, which marked an important first step for ship-borne pilots to execute operations.
On May 10, 2013, the first ship-borne aviation force of the Navy of Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLAN) was officially established, with one of its core tasks as cultivating ship-borne fighter pilots and flight commanders.
Dai Mingmeng acted as the deputy head of the ship-borne aviation force and started cultivating new pilots. On August 27, 2014, Dai Mingmeng was awarded the honorary title of “Heroic Test Pilot of Aircraft Carrier Fighters”, the highest military honor.
According to Li Jie, a female Chinese navy expert, the key for aircraft carrier to generate combat capability lies in training of personnel, especially training of ship-borne aircraft pilots.
She said the first 5 ship-born aircraft pilots cannot form real combat capability. The combat capability can only be available after a large number of aircraft and personnel are in place. In fact, the number of pilots should be more than that of aircrafts in the future.
Since China’s training on aircraft carrier fighter pilots starts from scratch, Li Jie commented the achievement of the 2nd batch of 8 ship-borne fighter pilots as “fast” progress.
At present, ship-borne fighter pilots in China are following a path featuring Chinese characteristics.
In 2013, Zhang Yongyi, the then general commander of test and trail of aircraft carrier and former deputy commander of the PLAN, said China, after step-by-step exploration and through rigid training, has fully mastered the landing and take-off techniques of ship-borne fighters on aircraft carrier and successfully established a training scheme for pilots.
To this end, Li Jie explained China’s training of ship-borne fighter pilots follows two steps: first, they carry out training on the land, and second, they conduct training on the sea. During such a process, the pilot needs to undergo a switching process before becoming a qualified ship borne fighter pilots.
The current candidates for China’s ship-born fighter pilots have to fulfill such qualifications as “35 years old or younger, having flied 5 or more types of airplane, and with no less than 1,000 hours of flight of the third-generation fighters.”
Li Jie holds that despite their rich flying experience, pilots of ship-borne fighters need to learn landing techniques of ship-borne fighters from the start, as it is quite different with that on the land. In addition, some pilots are transferred from other services of the PLA. As a result, an adaptive process is required.
With the maturing of the 1st batch of ship-borne fighter pilots, they will help to train the new batch of pilots, said Li Jie.
In future, the training for carrier-borne fighter pilots will accelerate. The PLAN started to recruit ship-borne fighter pilots in its pilot recruitment program in 2014, indicating the PLAN starts to shorten the cultivation cycles for ship-borne fighter pilots in a planned way and in scale.
Speaking of the training focus of the 1st and 2nd batch of pilots, Li Jie said the 1st batch of pilots now stresses on combat subjects, including coordination with other warships, while the 2nd batch of pilots is still receiving training on basic subjects such as “Touch and Go”, landing, and takeoff on the aircraft carrier.
Carrier-based air unit set to patrol ocean spaces
Zhang Chao, a pilot who was training to fly aircraft from China's first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, was killed when something went wrong while he was landing a J-15 fighter jet.
As Zhang was landing his jet on a runway following a routine mission on April 27, when the plane touched down he noticed that the nose of the plane had started to rise.
Within seconds, Zhang decided to attempt to force the J-15's nose back down to save the aircraft.
However, his maneuver was not successful and he then ejected himself from the jet, according to the flight data recorder.
Zhang's parachute failed to open before he hit the ground, and the pilot later died in hospital.
An investigation found that the accident was caused by the failure of the aircraft's "fly-by-wire" electronic control system.
The head of Zhang's troop, Dai Mingmeng, described Zhang's actions as "reasonable and rational" and said that he would have done the same thing in that situation.
Dai was the first J-15 pilot to successfully take off from and land on the Liaoning. He was also granted the title of "Heroic Test Pilot" in 2014 by the Central Military Commission, China's top military body, for his work as a carrier-based aircraft test pilot.
"Piloting carrier-based aircraft is the most dangerous flying job in the world, are you willing to join us?"
This was the first question Dai asked Zhang during his selection interview, the Xinhua News Agency reported.
"I know it's dangerous and risky, but I want to join," Zhang replied.
"What matters most is that we will not stop trying after this accident, as those who truly love this career will not be intimidated," said Dai.
"China is still exploring flight training and risks always exist during the use of new equipment and new training methods, therefore accidents are normal," he added.
Related departments have taken several measures after the incident, including a thorough check of every part and system of the aircraft, as well as making other pilots take therapy sessions to alleviate their psychological pressure.
Zhang joined his troop in March 2015, at which time he was the youngest pilot of carrier-based aircraft in China. Zhang served in the South China Sea Fleet of the PLA Navy before he joined the aircraft carrier troop. He successfully drove away a foreign aircraft which tried to approach Yongxing Island in May 2014.
The one and the many
Yuan Wei, 31, also served in the South China Sea Fleet before he was assigned to the carrier training group together with Zhang.
"We learned theories and got familiar with the aircraft before cockpit simulations and also learned on the ground," Yuan told the Global Times.
Pilots of aircraft carrier-based planes face stricter requirements than other military pilots as the acceptable margins of errors are smaller.
The risks they face are five times higher than astronauts and 20 times higher than normal pilots, Xinhua reported.
"Those accidents are rare events, while flying is a happy thing, and I love flying, as well as constantly exploring and pushing myself," Wang Liang, a certified carrier-based aircraft pilot, told the Global Times.
Pilots of the J-15, China's first-generation multipurpose carrier-borne fighter jet, need to be able to read the hundreds of different instruments immediately without any errors.
"In the beginning, it takes about one hour to finish pressing all the buttons, and finally, you can finish within 10 minutes," said Yuan.
China's aircraft carrier pilot training system started from scratch, and Dai's completion of the training course and success as a pilot was a milestone in China's military history.
However, the training methods used on Dai may not be suitable as the number of trainees expands, as keeping costs at a manageable level will be important, Dai added.
No one knows what will happen in the future and it may still take generations of efforts, but many extraordinary pilots are joining the process, voluntarily and fearlessly, Dai noted proudly.
China reveals cause of fatal April crash of J-15
"China has revealed the cause of the 27 April fatal crash of a Shenyang Aircraft Corporation (SAC) J-15 carrier-based fighter: the first such revelation of its kind.
A report by China National Radio on 26 July revealed that the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) J-15 fighter encountered a breakdown with the fly-by-wire flight control system while practising an arrested landing at an unspecified inland base.
According to Chinese sources, the flight control failure apparently caused the J-15 to pitch up upon touching the ground. When the pushrods failed, the pilot, identified as Lieutenant Zhang Chao, ejected and died as a result of an injury on landing, the report added.
This is not the first accident involving the multirole J-15, which is a key fighter for the PLAN aircraft carrier Liaoning . An August 2014 commendation order to the J-15 test unit issued by Chinese President Xi Jinping mentioned that two pilots had died testing the fighter, but offered no explanation.
This is the first time a Chinese government source has said the J-15 uses fly-by-wire flight control: a system believed only to have been incorporated in the newer SAC J-16 strike fighter and J-11D fighter.
SAC's development of fly-by-wire technology is longstanding, with its experimental J-8ACT fly-by-wire testbed first flown in June 1990.
The canard addition noted on the PLAN SAC J-15's structure does indicate electronic management of the flying controls to assist combat manoeuvrability and low-speed handling characteristics.
However, laws governing management of this technology are generally embedded in early design models rather than retrospectively during upgrade action, given the fundamental impact on aircraft capability.
Based extensively on the Russian Sukhoi Su-33 carrier-based fighter, the J-15 made its first flight in August 2009 and its first arrested landing on Liaoning in late November 2012.
Thus far the J-15 is only capable of ski-jump-assisted operations, but imagery from early July indicates that flight testing has begun for a J-15 with a nose-wheel modified to allow catapult assisted take-off but arrested recovery (CATOBAR) operations."
Navy widow tells of pain of husband's death
The daughter of PLA Navy pilot Zhang Chao sleeps on his uniform. Her father died after ejecting from his fighter plane when it malfunctioned during a training exercise in April. Provided to China Daily.
The widow of a PLA Navy pilot has made public letters she wrote on her WeChat account after the death of her husband, the first Chinese aircraft carrier pilot to die in the line of duty.
Zhang Ya, who married Navy pilot Zhang Chao in 2011, wrote of the happy times she spent with her husband.
She has also told of the unbearable pain caused by his death and how hard it has been for her to answer questions from their daughter.
The story of her husband, Zhang Chao, was broadcast by China Central Television in a prime time news program on Sunday and Monday, while other Chinese media also published reports about him.
Zhang Chao died on April 27, several days before he and other pilots were scheduled to conduct their first landing on the CNS Liaoning, the country's first and only aircraft carrier. According to the training plan, Zhang was to make seven takeoffs at a naval base before his first carrier landing, the Navy said.
The tragedy happened when Zhang was about to land his J-15 fighter jet on a runway at the carrier-borne aviation force's training base.
The plane went out of control due to a mechanical malfunction despite Zhang, a lieutenant commander, trying his best to save it. He was forced to eject from the aircraft at low altitude and died later from his injuries in a hospital after his parachute failed to open.
News of his death saw many Chinese internet users express their condolences,
A Sina Weibo micro-blogger using the name Shanghaichengyu wrote, "Please do not forget Zhang Chao when China has a strong carrier force."
Another user, PLAJia, wrote: "Every service member deserves to be called great. They sacrifice their youth and even their lives to safeguard us."
Модернизированная китайская НИТКА с катапультами
- Nov. 9th, 2016 at 5:03 PM
- Юрий Лямин
Также ходят слухи, что уже состоялись первые успешные испытательные взлеты новой модификации палубного истребителя J-15 с этого наземного комплекса с использованием электромагнитной катапульты.
И действительно, судя по последним октябрьским спутниковым снимкам, там 17 октября 2016 виден J-15, стоящий рядом с одной из двух катапультных дорожек.
More J-15 variants in the works
Chief designer of the Shenyang J-15 carrier-borne fighter recently disclosed that he is thinking on how to improve the fighter. Observers say this could mean that China is looking into introducing other variants of the heavy fighter.
Китай прекратил производство палубных истребителей J-15
26 апреля 2017, «Жэньминь жибао» онлайн -- По сообщению телеканала ССТV, производство палубного истребителя J-15 с импульсно-доплеровской РЛС уже прекратилось, на замену в Китае уже готовы на производство J-15В с АФАР (активная фазированная антенная решётка ). Как сообщилось, с АФАР истребитель J-15В будет иметь такую способность в дальности обнаружения, как и американский истребитель F-35B, сможет брать на себя задачи по контролю над морским и воздушным пространством.
Вече повече от 6 месеца летят два прототипа J-15В(5xx), както и един J-15ВS.
New batch of carrier-qualified J-15 pilots
1st batch of ship-borne 6 fighter pilots at the end of November 2012
2nd batch of ship-borne 6 fighter pilots at the end of November 2014()
3rd batch of ship-borne 6 fighter pilots at the end of June 2015
4th batch of ship-borne 6 fighter pilots at the end of August 2016(suspended all J-15 training flights for nearly 2 months after Zhang’s death April 27, 2016)
5th batch of ship-borne 12 fighter pilots at the end of November 2016
(35? pilots certified on this day)
6th batch of ship-borne 6?! fighter pilots at the end of May 2017
7th batch of ship-borne 6 fighter pilots at the end of December 2017
8th batch of ship-borne 6 fighter pilots at the end of June 2018
9th batch of ship-borne 6 fighter pilots at the end of December 2018