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NASA

Commercial Crew Integrated Capability (CciCAP)

Commercial Crew Development 1

За първата част на програмата Commercial Crew Development 1 (ССDev 1) бяха отпуснати от бюджета 50 милиона долара и подписано с няколко компании специално споразумение (Space Act Agreements), за изследвания и разработки необходими за осъществяване на пилотирани полети. То съдържаше конкретни цели, срокове и критерии от всеки участник. През февруари 2010 година от 36-те компании подали документи, финансиране получиха:

1. Blue Origin(Джеф Безос/Jeff Bezos/)  — 3,7 милиона долара за разработката на иновационна "тласкаща" система за кацане и композитен херметически отсек.

2. Boeing — 18 милиона долара на разработката капсула-кораб CST-100.

3. Paragon Space Development Corporation — 1,4 милиона долара на разработката на системи за жизнено обезпечаване и регенерация на въздух.

4. Sierra Nevada Corporation — 20 милиона долара на разработката многократно използваем космолет "Dream Chaser".

5. United Launch Alliance — 6,7 милиона долара на разработката на системи за диагностициране на повреди в ракетите-носители Atlas V и Delta IV.

Commercial Crew Development 2

За втората част на програмата Commercial Crew Development 2 (ССDev 2) заявки започнаха да се приемат през октомври 2010. На 18 април 2011 годинаа NASA разпредели около 270 милиона долара между 4 компании с които бяха подписани споразумения със срок средата на 2012 година

1. Blue Origin — 22 милиона долара за конусообразен космоплан извеждан с помощта на многократна използваема ракета-носител.

2. Sierra Nevada Corporation — 80 милиона долара за продължаване на разработката на орбитален самолет Dream Chaser.

3. Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX)(Илон Мъск/Elon Musk/) — 75 милиона долара за разработката интегрирана аварийно-спасителна система за пилотираната версия на кораба Dragon.

4. Boeing — 92,3 милиона долара за продължаване на разработката на кораба CST-100.

Бяха подписани и споразумения без финансиране с United Launch Alliance, ATK и Excalibur Almaz Inc.

Commercial Crew Integrated Capability
В третата част на програмата на програмата участващите компании трябваше да представят цялостна концепция за пилотирани полети, заедно с кораб, ракета-носител, стартова площадка, наземно осигуряване и място за приземяване.
На 3 август 2012 година NASA подписа с три кампании продължението на разработките по програмата Commercial Crew Integrated Capability (CciCAP) по създаване на пилотирани кораби, като разпредели средства от 1,1 милиарда долара. Допълнително на 15 август 2012 година бяха разпределени още 55 милиона долара.
1. „Boeing" получи за кораб "CST-100“и ракета-носител "Atlas V"  460 плюс 20 милиона долара.
2. „SpaceX" взе за кораб "Dragon V2" и ракета-носител "Falcon 9"  440 плюс 20 милиона долара.
3. „Sierra Nevada Corporation" спечели, за космолет "Dream Chaser“ и ракета-носител "Atlas V" 212,5 плюс 15 милиона долара.
Първоначалния срок на договорите беше май 2014 година, удължен в последствие до края на август 2014 година.
През ноември 2014 година беше отчетена третата част. "Boeing" е изпълнил всичките задачи, "SpaceX"  13 от 18, а "Sierra Nevada Corporation"  10 от 13. За последните две компании беше удължен срока до месец март 2015 година.

През април 2015 година NASA даде допълнително време за завършване на договорите, като за "SpaceX" срокът беше 31 декември 2015 година, за тестови изпитания на кораба Dragon V2 (Pad Abort Test и In-flight Abort Test) и за "Sierra Nevada" до 31 март 2016 година, за полетни изпитания и кацания на "Dream Chaser"

Certification Products Contract

През декември 2012 година NASA обяви, че следващият етап от програмата ще бъде Certification Products Contract (CPC). В първата му фаза на три компании ще бъдат дадени по 10 милиона долара за началните процедури по сертификация на бъдещите кораби, които ще летят до Международната космическа станция. Вроятно това ще стане от 22 януари 2013 година до 30 май 2014 година.

Commercial Crew Transportation Capability (CCtCap)

През май 2014 година компаниите завършиха първия етап от сертификацията и започна втората фаза Commercial Crew Transportation Capability (CCtCap). NASA съобщи, че ще бъде избрана една или повече компании, на които ще се гарантира минимум един тестови полет с екипаж, а също от 2 до 6 мисии до МКС.

На 16 септември 2014 година NASA обявява сключването на договори с „Boeing“ за 4,2 милиарда долара и „SpaceX“ 2,6 милиарда долара при еднакви условия към тях, а на 26 септември 2014 година компания „Sierra Nevada Corporation“ подава протест срещу избора пред Сметната палата на САЩ, който е отхвърлен на 5 януари 2015 година.

През март 2015 година NASA изнася крайните срокове за тестовите полети до МКС. На първата безпилотна 30 дневна на „SpaceX“ е дадено име „SpX-DM1“ и трябва да бъде изпълнена до края на декември 2016 година, а за пилотираната 14 дневна мисия „SpX-DM2“ срокът е април 2017 година. Съответно безпилотната 30 дневна мисия „Boe-OFT“ на “Boeing“ трябва да бъде завършена до края на април 2017 година, а пилотираната 14 дневна мисия „Boe-CFT“ до края на юли 2017 година. Компанията получава на 27 май 2015 година и първата редовна мисия до МКС „USCV-1(US Crew Vehicle 1)“ със срок края на 2017.

През юли 2015 година са определени 4 астронавтa Robert Behnken, Eric Boe, Douglas Hurley and Sunita Williams, които започват подготовка за тестовите полети с „Crew Dragon“ и „CST-100 Starliner“:

На 20 ноември 2015 година NASA дава втората редовна мисия „USCV-2(US Crew Vehicle 2)“ на „SpaceX“ при същите условия и срок, а на 18 декември 2015 година “Boeing“ получава и втора гарантирана редовна мисия „USCV-3(US Crew Vehicle 3)“, без да е определена дата.


USCV 

Мисия

Ракета-

носител

По

лет 

Стартова

площадка

Дата


Заб.

01

SpX-DM1

Falcon 9FT

?

VB SLC-4E 

31/12/2016  

„SpaceX" First uncrewed orbital test flight 

30/11/2017

02

SpX-DM2

Falcon 9FT



30/04/2017

„SpaceX" First crewed orbital test flight


03

Boe-OFT




30/04/2017

„Boeing“ First uncrewed orbital test flight

June 2018

04

Boe-CFT




30/07/2017

„Boeing“ First crewed orbital test flight


1

Boe-CST1




30/11/2017

30/08/2018


2

SpX-DV2.1 

Falcon 9FT



30/11/2018

31/05/2018


3

Boe-CST2




30/10/2018



Commercial Resupply Services

CRS

Мисия

Ракета-

носител

По

лет

Стартова

площадка

Дата

(UTC)




Falcon 9v1.0  

1

CC SLC-40   

04/06/10  

First flight Engines Merlin 1C, Falcon 9 v1.0 & DSQU*0

01

SpX-C1

Falcon 9v1.0

2

CC SLC-40  

08/12/10

NASA COTS* C1

02

SpX-C2+

Falcon 9v1.0

3

CC SLC-40

22/05/11

NASA COTS* C2+

1

SpX-1

Falcon 9v1.0

4

CC SLC-40

08/10/12

SpaceX CRS-1/ISS,  Secondary payload Orbcomm-OG2

2

SpX-2

Falcon 9v1.0

5

CC SLC-40

01/03/13

SpaceX CRS-2/ISS, Final scheduled flight of Falcon 9 v1.0

03

Orb-CMS 

Antares 110

1

MARS LP-0A

21/04/13

Cygnus Mass Simulator, Engines 2×Aerojet AJ26-62(NK-33)

04

Orb-D1

Antares 110

2

MARS LP-0A

18/09/13

Cygnus Demo1, Engines 2×Aerojet AJ26-62(NK-33)



Falcon 9v1.1

1

VB SLC-4E

29/09/13

First flight Engines Merlin 1D & F9 v1.1/CASSIOPE*4



Falcon 9v1.1

2

CC SLC-40

03/12/13

First GTO launch for Falcon 9, SES-8

3

Orb-1

Antares 120

1

MARS LP-0A

09/01/14

Engines 2×Aerojet AJ26-62(NK-33)



Falcon 9v1.1

3

CC SLC-40

06/01/14


4

SpX-3

Falcon 9v1.1

4

CC SLC-40

18/04/14


5

Orb-2

Antares 120

2

MARS LP-0A

13/07/14

Engines 2×Aerojet AJ26-62(NK-33)



Falcon 9v1.1

5

CC SLC-40

14/07/14




Falcon 9v1.1

6

CC SLC-40

05/08/14




Falcon 9v1.1

7

CC SLC-40

07/09/14


6

SpX-4

Falcon 9v1.1

8

CC SLC-40

21/09/14


7

Orb-3

Antares 130

1

MARS LP-0A

28/10/14

Failure, Engines 2×Aerojet AJ26-62(NK-33)

8

SpX-5

Falcon 9v1.1

9

CC SLC-40

10/01/15

Първи неуспешен опит за връщане на 1-ва ст. на ASDS*2



Falcon 9v1.1

10

CC SLC-40

11/02/15




Falcon 9v1.1

11

CC SLC-40

02/03/15


9

SpX-6

Falcon 9v1.1

12

CC SLC-40

14/04/15

Втори неуспешен опит за връщане на 1-ва ст. на ASDS



Falcon 9v1.1

13

CC SLC-40

27/04/15


10

SpX-7

Falcon 9v1.1

14

CC SLC-40

28/06/15

Failure, IDA-1*1 was lost when CRS-7

11

OA-4

Atlas V 401

1(30) 

CC SLC-41

06/12/15

Cygnus CRS-4



Falcon 9FT

1(21)

CC SLC-40

22/12/15

First flight of Falcon 9FT успешно приземяване на 1-ва ст.



Falcon 9v1.1 

15

VB SLC-4E

17/01/16

Jason 3, опора става причина за загуба на 1-ва ст.



Falcon 9FT

2(22)

CC SLC-40

04/03/16

SES-9, Четвърти неуспех за връщане на 1-ва ст. на ASDS

12

OA-6

Atlas V 401

1(32)

CC SLC-41

23/03/16

Cygnus CRS-6

13

SpX-8

Falcon 9FT

3-1(23)

CC SLC-40

08/04/16

IDA-2*1, BEAM*3 върната 1-ва ст. на ASDS



Falcon 9FT

4(24)

CC SLC-40

06/05/16

JCSAT-14 in orbit, the third successful landing ASDS(2 nd)



Falcon 9FT

5(25)

CC SLC-40

27/05/16

Thaicom 8 in orbit, fourth successful landing ASDS



Falcon 9FT

6(26)

VB SLC-4E

15/06/16

Eutelsat 117 West B,  ABS-2A, first stage landing on DS failed.

14

SpX-9

Falcon 9FT

7(27)

CC SLC-40

16/07/16

first stage Landing Zone 1 at Cape Canaveral AFS, Fla.



Falcon 9FT

8(28)

CC SLC-40

14/08/16

JCSAT-16 in orbit, five successful landing ASDS(7 th)



Falcon 9FT

9(29)

CC SLC-40

01/09/16

Amos-6, Destroyed in pre-launch test failure at 9:07 a.m. EDT

15

OA-5

Antares 230

1

MARS LP-0A

17/10/16

Cygnus CRS-5


2017-(1)

Falcon 9FT

10(30) 

VB SLC-4E

14/01/17

Iridium NEXT 1-10, Return to flight mission for F9, ASDS(8 th)

16

SpX-10(2)

Falcon 9FT

11(31)

KSC LC-39A

19/02/17

SAGE III and LIS, First staged returned to launch site.(9 th)


(3)

Falcon 9FT

12(32)

KSC LC-39A

16/03/17

EchoStar 23(10 th-P8/G2)


(4)

Falcon 9FT

3-2(33)

KSC LC-39A

30/03/17

SES-10 re-used first stage SpX-8, FS landed on OCISLY(11 th)

17

OA-7

Atlas V 401

2(36)

CC SLC-41

18/04/17

Cygnus CRS-7


(5)

Falcon 9FT

13(34)

KSC LC-39A

01/05/17

NROL-76, first stage will attempt to land at SpaceX’s LZone 1


(6)

Falcon 9FT

14(35)

KSC LC-39A

15/05/17

Inmarsat 5 F4, will not attempt to land Falcon 9’s first stage

18

SpX-11(7)

Falcon 9FT

15(36)

KSC LC-39A

03/06/17

Dragon CRS-4, NICER. MUSES and ROSA, LZ 1.


(8)

Falcon 9FT

10-2

KSC LC-39A

23/06/17

(37)BulgariaSat


(9)

Falcon 9FT

16(38)

VB SLC-4E




(10)

Falcon 9FT






(11)

Falcon 9FT






(12)

Falcon 9FT






(13)

Falcon 9FT




























Falcon 9FT


VB SLC-4E

25/06/17

Iridium NEXT 11-20



Falcon 9FT


KSC LC-39A

01/07/17

Intelsat 35e



Falcon 9FT


KSC LC-39A

22/07/17

12/2016 FormoSat-5, Sherpа



Falcon 9FT



00/07/17
SES-11,  EchoStar 105



Falcon 9FT

01/08/17
SpaceX CRS-12



Falcon 9FT



00/08/17

X-37B



Falcon 9FT

12

CC SLC-40

24/08/16

Iridium NEXT 21-30



Falcon 9FT

13

CC SLC-40

00/10/16

SES-11



Falcon Heavy

1

K  LC-39A

00/11/16

TBA


OA-8Antares 2302
MARS LP-0A
12/09/17
Cygnus CRS-8


SpX-11

Falcon 9FT

14

CC SLC-40

13/01/17




Falcon Heavy

2

K  LC-39A

08/03/17

STP-2


SpX-12

Falcon 9FT

15

CC SLC-40

00/04/17



SpX DM-1

Falcon 9FT

16

K  LC-39A

00/05/17

31/12/16 „SpaceX" First uncrewed orbital test flight







 


OA-8E




12/06/17

October 1, 2017


OA-9E




2017



OA-10E




2018


*   - COTS(Commercial Orbital Transportation Services)
*0 - DSQU(Dragon Spacecraft Qualification Unit)
*1 - IDA(International Docking Adapter)
*2 - ASDS(Autonomous Spaceport Drone Ship)
*3 - BEAM(Bigelow Expandable Activity Module)
*4 - CASSIOPE(CAScade, Smallsat and IOnospheric Polar Explorer)

CRS

Мисия  

Ракета-

носител

По

лет

Стартова

площадка 

Дата

(UTC)


1

SpX-10 

Falcon 9FT 



January, 2017


2

SpX-11

Falcon 9FT



March, 2017


3

SpX-12

Falcon 9FT



June, 2017


4

SpX-13

Falcon 9FT



September 2017


5

SpX-14

Falcon 9FT



February, 2018.


6

SpX-15

Falcon 9FT



April, 2018.


7

SpX-16

Falcon 9FT



August, 2018.


8

SpX-17

Falcon 9FT



October, 2018.


9

SpX-18

Falcon 9FT



December 2018.


10

SpX-19

Falcon 9FT



May 2019


11

SpX-20

Falcon 9FT



2019


The rocket is also ready for final preflight tests after its delivery to Florida from SpaceX’s test site in McGregor, Texas. The 15-story booster was cleaned, refurbished and test-fired at the Texas test facility after landing on a barge in the Atlantic Ocean following a space station cargo ship launch on April 8, 2016.

SpaceX president and chief operating officer Gwynne Shotwell said March 8 that the booster took around four months to refurbish after its first flight last April. SpaceX hopes to reduce that turnaround time to two months soon, and eventually to less than a day.

The SES 10 flight will be the first of six previously-flown Falcon rocket boosters SpaceX intends to re-fly this year, Shotwell said.

Two of the boosters reportedly might launch later this year on the first demo flight of SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy rocket, which uses three Falcon rocket cores firing in unison to propel heavy payloads into orbit.

Blue Origin Makes Historic Rocket Landing

News | Nov 23, 2015

Van Horn, Texas - November 24, 2015 - Blue Origin today announced that its New Shepard space vehicle successfully flew to space, reaching its planned test altitude of 329,839 feet (100.5 kilometers) before executing a historic landing back at the launch site in West Texas. To receive updates on Blue Origin’s continuing progress and early access to ticketing information, sign up at www.blueorigin.com/interested.

“Now safely tucked away at our launch site in West Texas is the rarest of beasts—a used rocket,” said Jeff Bezos, founder of Blue Origin. “Blue Origin’s reusable New Shepard space vehicle flew a flawless mission—soaring to 329,839 feet and then returning through 119-mph high-altitude crosswinds to make a gentle, controlled landing just four and a half feet from the center of the pad. Full reuse is a game changer, and we can’t wait to fuel up and fly again.”

High resolution video and images capturing the historic mission are available for viewing and embedding in stories at www.blueorigin.com/gallery.

Named in honor of the first American in space, Alan Shepard, the New Shepard vertical takeoff and vertical landing vehicle will carry six astronauts to altitudes beyond 100 kilometers, the internationally-recognized boundary of space. Blue Origin astronauts will experience the thrill of launch atop a rocket, the freedom of weightlessness, and views through the largest windows to ever fly in space. An animation of the Blue Origin astronaut experience can be found at www.blueorigin.com/astronaut-experience. Astronaut flights will begin following completion of a methodical flight test program.

Details on the Reusable New Shepard Space Vehicle

The New Shepard space vehicle is fully reusable and operated from Blue Origin’s West Texas launch site. The vehicle is comprised of two elements—a crew capsule in which the astronauts ride and a rocket booster powered by a single American-made BE-3 liquid hydrogen, liquid oxygen engine. At liftoff, the BE-3 delivers 110,000 pounds of thrust. During ascent, astronauts experience 3x the force of gravity as the spacecraft accelerates through the atmosphere.

Following powered flight, the crew capsule separates from the booster and coasts into space, providing several minutes of weightlessness. As the crew capsule descends, it reenters the atmosphere with astronauts experiencing about 5x the force of gravity before deploying three main parachutes for landing. Meanwhile, the booster descends under guided flight to the landing pad. Just prior to landing, the booster re-ignites its BE-3 engine which slows the vehicle to 4.4 mph for a gentle, powered vertical landing, enabling vehicle reuse.

Flight Details

  • Launched at 11:21 a.m. Central Time, November 23, 2015
  • Apogee of 329,839 feet (100.5 kilometers) for the crew capsule
  • Mach 3.72
  • Re-ignition of rocket booster at 4,896 feet above ground level
  • Controlled vertical landing of the booster at 4.4 mph
  • Deployment of crew capsule drogue parachutes at 20,045 feet above ground level
  • Landing of the crew capsule under parachutes at 11:32 a.m. Central Time
  • Additional remarks from Blue Origin founder Jeff Bezos are available on the Blue Origin blog at www.blueorigin.com/news/blog/historic-rocket-landing

АО «НПО «ЭНЕРГОМАШ»

Пресс-релизы
15 ноября 2016
20 лет первому огневому испытанию РД-180
15 ноября 1996 года в Научно-испытательном комплексе НПО Энергомаш имени академика В.П.Глушко проведено первое огневое испытание жидкостного ракетного двигателя РД-180 для первой ступени американской ракеты-носителя «Атлас III».
Основой модернизации семейства РН «Атлас» стала замена в первой ступени двигателя МА-5 разработки «Рокетдайн» на двигатель РД-180 разработки НПО Энергомаш.
Контракт на разработку двигателя был подписан между НПО Энергомаш и американской компанией «Локхид-Мартин» 14 июня 1996 года, а уже 15 ноября 1996 года проведено первое огневое испытание первого доводочного двигателя РД-180.
«Значительно более высокий удельный импульс (на 40 с в пустоте) РД-180 по сравнению с МА-5, возможность глубокого дросселирования и совершенство его конструкции позволили существенно увеличить энергетические возможности ракет-носителей всего семейства, повысить их эксплуатационные качества и уменьшить стоимость пуска», - заявил заместитель генерального директора, главный конструктор АО «НПО Энергомаш имени академика В.П. Глушко» Владимир Чванов.
Решение о выборе двигателя было принято по результатам конкурса, проведенного компанией «Локхид-Мартин» в 1995 году. В конкурсе кроме РД-180 участвовал вариант кислородно-керосинового двигателя МА-5 фирмы «Рокетдайн» и российский двигатель НК-33 производства ПАО «Кузнецов» (г.Самара).
Работа по контракту РД-180 закрепила за НПО Энергомаш имидж серьезной компании, способной качественно и в срок осуществлять взятые на себя обязательства, несмотря на различные, в том числе и политические, проблемы. До настоящего времени контракт на поставку РД-180 (а теперь и РД-181) является чуть ли не единственным примером поставок высокотехнологичной продукции из России в США.
К настоящему времени в США поставлено более 90 двигателей РД-180 и проведено 72 успешных запуска ракет-носителей семейства «Атлас» с двигателями РД-180.
В соответствии с пп. 18 п. 3 ст. 38 Устава ОАО «НПО Энергомаш» одобрить сделку с Орбитал Сайенсиз Корпорэйшн (Orbital Sciences Corporation) в отношении имущества ОАО «НПО Энергомаш» балансовой стоимостью свыше 10% балансовой стоимости активов ОАО «НПО Энергомаш», оплата по которой составляет более 10% балансовой стоимости активов ОАО «НПО Энергомаш», на следующих основных условиях:

• предмет сделки: покупка Орбитал Сайенсиз Корпорэйшн 20 (двадцати) ракетных двигателей РД-181 и комплектующего оборудования и данных;

• цена договора: 224 500 000 (двести двадцать четыре миллиона пятьсот тысяч) долларов США за 20 ракетных двигателей РД-181, комплектующее оборудование и данные;(11 225)

• возможен опцион на закупку дополнительных двигателей РД-181 в срок с 1 августа 2018 года по 31 декабря 2021 года;

Договор вступает в силу только после получения Распоряжения Правительства РФ в соответствии с Постановлением Правительства РФ от 16.04.2001 г. №296 "Об утверждении Положения об осуществлении контроля за внешнеэкономической деятельностью в отношении оборудования, материалов и технологий, которые могут быть использованы при создании ракетного оружия".
2014-12-17. Американская корпорация Orbital Science и химкинское НПО "Энергомаш" заключили контракт на поставку 60 двигателей РД-181 для ракет Antares
2015-01-16. "Энергомаш" получил разрешение на поставку США двигателей РД-181. "Сумма контракта - около $1 млрд за 60 двигателей, в эту сумму входит не только стоимость двигателя, но и целый набор услуг: летная подготовка, инсталляция двигателя на ракету, проведение испытаний", - заявил президент ракетно-космической корпорации "Энергия" Владимир Солнцев.
2015-08-03 пресс-центре РКК "Энергия". "15 июля два первых двигателя РД-181(№2А, №3А) отправлены из России и 16 июля доставлены в США", - сказали в корпорации. Перед отправкой в Соединенные Штаты двигатели прошли контрольно-технологические и огневые испытания. Первоначально планировалось, что двигатели поставят заказчику в июне. Всего в 2015 году Россия планирует поставить США четыре РД-181, еще четыре будут отправлены в 2016-м.
2016-02-03
These two RD-181 engines(№4А, №5А) delivered in December will power the next Antares rocket launch. Credit: NASA
http://spaceflightnow.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/384258_1169208896442543_770657585652525348_n.jpg

АО «НПО Энергомаш имени академика В.П.Глушко» поставило в рамках действующего контракта первую в этом году партию жидкостных ракетных двигателей РД-181 американской компании Orbital ATK. 29 марта три двигателя были доставлены воздушным транспортом в США, где стороны подписали акты сдачи и приемки. Двигатели будут использоваться на первых ступенях ракет-носителей «Антарес» для доставки грузов на Международную космическую станцию.  http://engine.space/press/pressnews/824/


Пресс-релизы

09 марта 2016
АО «НПО «ЭНЕРГОМАШ»: принято решение о реализации опциона на поставку восьми двигателей РД-181 для РН «АНТАРЕС»
Корпорация Orbital Sciences Corporation (Орбитал) приняла решение о реализации опциона на закупку восьми жидкостных ракетных двигателей РД-181 у АО «НПО Энергомаш». Опцион реализован в рамках заключенного в 2014 году контракта на поставку ЖРД РД-181 для использования в первых ступенях ракет-носителей Antares («Антарес») корпорации Орбитал.

АО «НПО Энергомаш», являющееся ведущим мировым разработчиком и производителем мощных кислородно-керосиновых ЖРД, уже поставило зарубежным партнерам четыре двигателя РД-181 в 2015 г. Изготовление и поставка очередных двигателей осуществляется в соответствии с контрактными обязательствами.

В рамках сотрудничества по программе РД-181 в конце февраля 2016г. специалисты компании Орбитал посетили АО «НПО Энергомаш» для обзора системы менеджмента качества при производстве двигателей РД-181.

«Представители компании Орбитал высоко оценили итоги проведенного аудита качества, отметив, что НПО «Энергомаш» продолжает совершенствовать качество своей продукции», - подчеркнул генеральный директор НПО «Энергомаш» Игорь АРБУЗОВ.

АО «НПО Энергомаш» успешно сотрудничает с компаниями США с начала 90-х годов. Помимо РД-181 с начала 2000-х в США поставляется другой двигатель НПО «Энергомаш» - ЖРД РД-180. РД-180 имеет высочайшую репутацию среди специалистов, т.к. все 67 пусков РН семейства «Атлас», укомплектованные РД -180 были успешными.

(б.р. Failures:Flight 10(5-401) Centaur shut down 4 sec too early during second burn due to a leaking oxygen valve 15.06.2007)

Техническая справка:

РД – 181 — однокамерный жидкостный ракетный двигатель закрытого цикла с дожиганием окислительного генераторного газа Разработан и производится АО «НПО Энергомаш имени академика В. П. Глушко». Топливо — керосин, окислитель — жидкий кислород.

Протокол № 4 от 16 декабря 2014г.

предмет сделки: покупка Orbital Sciences Corporation 20 (двадцати) ракетных двигателей РД-181 и комплектующего оборудования и данных;
цена договора: 224 500 000 (двести двадцать четыре миллиона пятьсот тысяч) долларов США за 20 ракетных двигателей РД-181, комплектующее оборудование и данные;
возможен опцион на закупку дополнительных двигателей РД-181 в срок с 1 августа 2018 года по 31 декабря 2021 года;
Договор вступает в силу только после получения Распоряжения Правительства РФ в соответствии с Постановлением Правительства РФ от 16.04.2001 г. №296 "Об утверждении Положения об осуществлении контроля за внешнеэкономической деятельностью в отношении оборудования, материалов и технологий, которые могут быть использованы при создании ракетного оружия"

Liquid-fuel engine RD-181 


Propellant

LOX / RP-1

Mixture ratio

2.6

Cycle

Oxidizer-rich Staged combustion

Configuration


Nozzle ratio

37

Performance


Thrust (vac.)

2 000 MN at 100% throttle

Thrust (SL)

1 850 MN at 100% throttle

Throttle range

27%-105%

Thrust-to-weight ratio

89

Chamber pressure

25 000 kPa

Isp (vac.)

337 s (3.30 km/s)

Isp (SL)

310.7 s (3.047 km/s)

Burn time

325 s (core stage)

Gimbal range

Dimensions


Length

3,150 mm

Diameter

1,450 mm (57 in)

Dry weight

1 900 kg

Purpose

2x Antares 200-series core stage

Period of development

4- 2015, 8-2016, 8-2017


Сумма контракта - около $0,7 млрд за 60 двигателей(20/$0,2245 млрд/+40/$0,449 млрд/)

2 РД-181(№2А, №3А)
2 РД-181(№4А, №5А)
01/07/2016 3 РД-181(№6А, №7А, №8А)
01/01/2017- 7
31/03/2017 3 РД-181(№9А, №10А, №11А)
00/00/2017 3 РД-181(№12А, №13А, №14А)
00/00/2017 2 РД-181(№15А, №16А)
2018- 6

В США отправлены три российских двигателя РД-181

29.06.2016 | 10:50

Российская компания НПО «Энергомаш» отправила в США три двигателя РД-181(№6А, №7А, №8А) для американской ракеты «Антарес», передает ТАСС со ссылкой на пресс-службу российского предприятия.

«23 июня 2016 года три двигателя РД-181 для американской ракеты-носителя «Антарес» были отправлены в США заказчику-компании Orbital ATK. Двигатели благополучно доставлены в пункт назначения и приняты заказчиком», — говорится в сообщении.

Ранее в июне сенатор США Билл Нельсон предложил разрешить Пентагону закупать неограниченное число российских ракетных двигателей РД-180 до конца 2022 года.

Ракеты «Антарес» используются для запусков к МКС грузовых кораблей «Сигнус». Следующий запуск космического грузовика этой серии может состояться после 10 июля. При этом на ракете впервые будут использованы российские двигатели РД-181.

Россия поставит США 14 ракетных двигателей РД-181

14 октября 2016
Химкинское научно-производственное объединение «Энергомаш» в 2017-2018 годах поставит в США 14 ракетных двигателей РД-181. Об этом сообщил генеральный директор российского предприятия Игорь Арбузов.

Агрегаты покупает частная американская компания Orbital ATK. Два двигателя устанавливаются на первую ступень производимых ею легко-средних ракет Antares. Эти носители, в свою очередь, задействованы в пусках грузового корабля Cygnus к Международной космической станции.

Ближайший старт Antares с российскими двигателями запланирован на 16 октября 2016 года. Арбузов отметил, что в сотрудничестве Москвы и Вашингтона в области космоса «есть риски с обеих сторон, которые, в конечном итоге, надеюсь, будут преодолены».

Первый запуск РН Antares с двигателями РД-181 прошел успешно

18 октября 2016
Ракета-носитель Antares-230 с двигателями РД-181 разработки и производства НПО Энергомаш им. академика В.П. Глушко в составе первой ступени успешно стартовала из Среднеатлантического регионального космопорта на острове Уоллопс (штат Виргиния, США). Пуск осуществлен в 19:45:40 EDT 17 октября (02:45:40 мск 18 октября).

«Я не сомневался в благополучном исходе запуска. Наша техника в очередной раз подтвердила свою надежность и эффективность. Первая ступень отработала штатно и замечаний у американской стороны – нет. Нас ждет дальнейшая плодотворная работа в рамках текущего контракта с Orbital ATK, и я не исключаю, что результат этого пуска послужит основой для расширения международного сотрудничества», - прокомментировал итоги запуска генеральный директор АО «НПО Энеромаш им. академика В.П. Глушко» Игорь Арбузов.

«Энергомаш» поставит четыре ракетных двигателя в США

11.11.16

НПО «Энергомаш» поставит четыре ракетных двигателя РД-180 американской компании United Launch Alliance (ULA). Российское предприятие сообщило об этом в пятницу.

 В начале ноября стороны подписали документ о приеме двигателей. Вывоз с НПО в аэропорт «Шереметьево» запланирован на 15 ноября. Оттуда они отправятся в США. ULA – совместное предприятие Boeing и Lockheed Martin. Ракетные двигатели нужны ему для запуска спутников.

АО «НПО Энергомаш им. академика В.П. Глушко»

27.12.2016

АО «НПО Энергомаш им. академика В.П. Глушко» и входящие в состав интегрированной структуры ракетного двигателестроения АО «КБХА» и ПАО «Протон-ПМ»  завершили программу комплексных технических испытаний двигателей 2016 года.

«В 2016 году мы провели 21 натурное испытание двигателей модельной линейки НПО: 8 двигателей РД-180, 5 двигателей РД-191 и 8 двигателей РД-181», - заявил начальник Научно-испытательного комплекса (НИК-751) АО «НПО Энергомаш» Игорь Зайнятулов.

Россия планирует поставить США 19 ракетных двигателей в 2017

1 декабря 2016, 09:32
Российское НПО «Энергомаш» в 2017 году намерено поставить в Соединённые Штаты 19 ракетных двигателей. Об этом рассказал гендиректор предприятия Игорь Арбузов.

«В течение 2017 года мы планируем поставку 11 двигателей РД-180 (для ракет «Атлас») компании United Launch Alliance (ULA) и восемь двигателей РД-181 (для носителей «Антарес») компании Orbital ATK», — приводит слова Арбузова ТАСС.

Он выразил надежду, что в ближайшее время станут известны объёмы поставок двигателей РД-191 для российских ракет «Ангара».

В октябре Арбузов сообщил, что с 2017 по 2018 год «Энергомаш» поставит Orbital ATK 14 двигателей РД-181.

Ранее Пентагон и сенат США заявили о необходимости отказаться от российских ракетных двигателей.

В США отправлены три российских двигателя РД-181

МОСКВА, 31 мар 2017. Российское НПО "Энергомаш" поставило американской компании Orbital ATK первую в этом году партию жидкостных ракетных двигателей РД-181, сообщил представитель предприятия.

RD-180 engines for a first stage of “Atlas” launch-vehicle

In the beginning 1996 the NPO Energomash’ project of RD-180 engine was recognized as the winner of competition on development and delivery of the engine of a first stage for the upgraded “Atlas” launch-vehicle of the US aerospace company Lockheed Martin. It is the dual-chamber engine with afterburning of oxidizer-rich preburner’ gas, with thrust vector control thanks to gimballing of each chamber in two planes, with a capability to provide deep throttling of engine thrust in flight. The given design bases on the well proven designs of units and parts of RD-170/171 engines. The creation of the powerful engine of a first stage was carried out in the shortest possible time, and development - on small quantity of hardware. Having signed contract on engine development in summer 1996, the first fire test of the engine – prototype was conducted in November 1996, and in April 1997 - fire test of the nominal engine. In 1997-1998 the set of fire tests of the engine in a structure of a stage of the launch-vehicle was successfully conducted in USA. The certification of the engine for use in a structure of “Atlas 3” launch-vehicle was completed in spring 1999. The maiden launch of “Atlas 3” launch-vehicle with RD-180 engine was conducted in May 2000. The certification of the engine for use in a structure of the “Atlas 5” launch-vehicle was completed in summer 2001. The maiden flight of “Atlas 5” launch-vehicle with the RD-180 engine was conducted in August 2002.
      "Срок действия лицензионного соглашения завершается в 2030 году. Еще есть время, поэтому наше сотрудничество с США будет продолжаться. Мы будем поставлять готовые двигатели РД-180, собранных в России на "Энергомаше", после чего предусмотрено уничтожение проектной документации, генеральный директор химкинского НПО "Энергомаш" Игорь Арбузов.

Main parameters of RD-180 engine /РД-180 ULA (стоимость поставки 25(30) млн. долл.)

Liquid propellant rocket engine with afterburning of oxidizer-rich gas

Propellant                                               liquid oxygen + kerosene

Engine modifications

RD-180

Thrust, sea level / vacuum, tf

390,2 / 423,4

Specific impulse, sea level / vacuum, sec

311,9 / 338,4

Combustion chamber pressure, kgf/cm2

 261,7

Weight, dry / filled, kg

5480 / 5950

Overall dimensions, height / diameter, mm  

3600 / 3200

Period of development

1994-2016

Purpose

“Atlas III” and  “Atlas V”


     Lockheed Martin company has declared intention to order not less than 101 engines RD-180 for use in a structure of “Atlas 3” and “Atlas 5” launch-vehicles. For marketing and realization of the given engine to the customer – Lockheed Martin company earlier, ULA now - the RD AMROSS joint venture was created by NPO Energomash and Pratt&Whitney (USA).

    More 50 serial production RD-180 engines have delivered in USA (at June, 2011), 32 launches (at June, 2011) of “Atlas 3” and “Atlas 5” LV with RD-180 engines at first stage have conducted.

    More 80 serial production RD-180 engines have delivered in USA (at March 1, 2016), 66 launches (at February 1, 2016) of “Atlas 3(6/IIIA: 2, IIIB: 4)” and  “Atlas 5(60/401: 30, 411: 3, 421: 5, 431: 2. 501: 6, 521: 2, 531: 3, 541: 3, 551: 6)"

    February 05, 2016 "GPS IIF-12 (USA-266)" 31-st  “Atlas 5/401” and 61-st “Atlas 5” AV-057 Engine T

    March 23, 2016 "Cygnus CRS OA-6 S.S. Rick Husband" 32-nd  “Atlas 5/401” and 62-nd “Atlas 5” AV-064 Engine 70T

    June 24/May 12, 2016 "MUOS-5" satellite for the US Navy 7-nd “Atlas 5/551” and 63-rd “Atlas 5” AV-063 Engine 68T

    July 28/June 24 2016 "NROL-61(USA-269)" 6-nd  “Atlas 5/421” and 64-nd “Atlas 5” AV-065 Engine 69T!?

    September 8, 2016 "OSIRIS-REx" 4-nd  “Atlas 5/411” and 65-nd “Atlas 5” AV-067 Engine T

    November 11, 2016 "Worldview 4" 33-rd  “Atlas 5/401” and 66-nd “Atlas 5” AV-062 Engine T

    November 19, 2016 "GOES-R" 4-nd  “Atlas 5/541” and 67-nd “Atlas 5” AV-069 Engine T

    December 18, 2016 EchoStar 19  3-rd  “Atlas 5/431” and 68-nd “Atlas” AV-071 Engine T

   More 80 serial production RD-180 engines have delivered in USA (at March 1, 2016), 74 launches (at December 18, 2016) of “Atlas 3(6/IIIA: 2, IIIB: 4)” and  “Atlas 5 (68/401: 33, 411: 4, 421: 6, 431: 3, 501: 6, 521: 2, 531: 3, 541: 4, 551: 7)",

 

    January 21, 2017 SBIRS GEO-3 34-nd “Atlas 5/401” and 69-nd “Atlas” AV-066 Engine 7 T!?

    March 1, 2017 NROL-79 35-nd “Atlas 5/401” and 70-nd “Atlas” AV-068 Engine 7 T!?

    April 18, 2017 OA-7 36-nd “Atlas 5/401” and 71st “Atlas” AV-070 Engine 7 T!?

  

August 3, 2017 TDRS-M 37-nd “Atlas 5/401” and 72nd “Atlas” AV-074 Engine 7 T!?

5

6

7

8

9

10

11


   More 90 serial production RD-180 engines have delivered in USA (at April 18, 2017), 77 launches (at April 18, 2017) of “Atlas 3(6/IIIA: 2, IIIB: 4)” and  “Atlas 5 (71/401: 36, 411: 4, 421: 6, 431: 3, 501: 6, 521: 2, 531: 3, 541: 4, 551: 7)",


   Failures:Flight 10(5-401) Centaur shut down 4 sec too early during second burn due to a leaking oxygen valve 15.06.2007)”

    Стоимость одного двигателя по состоянию на 2009 год составляет $9 млн,(2016- $25(30) млн,?!?)

Milestones of RD-180 program:
* Announcement about Lockheed Martin's choice of NPO Energomash project in competition for development of LRPE for «Atlas» LV - January, 1996
* Contract awards with Pratt&Whitney on development of RD-180 engine - June, 1996
* Beginning of fire tests of RD-180 engine at NPO Energomash - November, 1996
* Delivery of first serial production RD-180 engine in USA - January, 1999 (Первый серийный двигатель РД-180 был поставлен в США 2 января 1999 года).
* RD-180 engine certification - March, 1999
* Signed contracts for 25 engines delivery(2000-2004)
* First launch of «Atlas III» LV - May, 2000
* First launch of «Atlas V» LV - August, 2002
* MOU of Lockheed Martin - request on 101 engines
* Signed contracts for 50 engines delivery(2005-2014)
* 26 serial production engines had delivered in USA (on March, 2005)
* 6 launches of «Atlas III» LV and 5 launches of «Atlas V» LV  (on March, 2005)
* Total engine running time in flights - 2364,4 sec (on March, 2005)
* Total running time at test stand - 30720,125 sec at 170 firings (on March, 2005)
* 50 serial production engines had delivered in USA (on March, 2010)
* Russian manufacturer to supply 5 rocket engines to U.S. (50/2005-14)
* This year(2014), we will ship engines numbered 71-75.
* This year(2015), we will ship engines numbered 76-80.
* "Until 2019 inclusive, Energomash will deliver another 20 RD-180 engines to the United States for their use as the first stages for the Atlas V carrier rocket"(December 24, 2015)/2016-19
* This year(2016), we will ship engines numbered 81-83, 84-87
* 2017/ 88-98 (88-90) 04/17 (91-93) 07/17 (94-96) 10/17 (97-98) 01/18
* 2018/ 99-101

Contracts

Release No: CR-037-16
February 29, 2016

Aerojet Rocketdyne, Canoga Park, California, has been awarded a $115,312,613 other transaction agreement for the development of the AR1 rocket propulsion system prototype for the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle program. This agreement implements Section 1604 of the fiscal 2015 National Defense Authorization Act, which requires the development of a next-generation rocket propulsion system that will transition away from the use of the Russian supplied RD-180 engine to a domestic alternative for National Security Space launches. An other transaction agreement was used in lieu of a standard procurement contract in order to leverage ongoing investment by industry in rocket propulsion systems. This other transaction agreement requires shared cost investment with Aerojet Rocketdyne for the development of a prototype of the AR1 engine, a booster stage engine intended for use on United Launch Alliance’s Vulcan launch vehicle. The locations of performance are Canoga Park, California; Sacramento, California; Centennial, Colorado; Huntsville, Alabama; Stennis Space Center, Mississippi; West Palm Beach, Florida; and Los Angeles Air Force Base, California. The work is expected to be completed no later than Dec. 31, 2019. Air Force fiscal 2015 research, development, test and evaluation funds in the amount of $52,200,000; and Air Force fiscal 2016 research, development, test and evaluation funds in the amount of $63,112,613 are being obligated at the time of award.  Aerojet Rocketdyne is contributing $57,656,307 at the time of award. The total potential government investment, including all options, is $536,029,652. The total potential investment by Aerojet Rocketdyne, including all options, is $268,014,826. This award is the result of a competitive acquisition with multiple offers received. The Launch Systems Enterprise Directorate, Space and Missile Systems Center, Los Angeles Air Force Base, California, is the contracting activity (FA8811-16-9-0003).

 

United Launch Services LLC, a majority owned subsidiary of United Launch Alliance, Centennial, Colorado, has been awarded a $46,629,267 other transaction agreement for the development of the Vulcan BE-4 and Advanced Cryogenic Evolved Stage (ACES) rocket propulsion system prototypes for the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle program.  This agreement implements Section 1604 of the fiscal year 2015 National Defense Authorization Act, which requires the development of a next-generation rocket propulsion system that will transition away from the use of the Russian supplied RD-180 engine to a domestic alternative for National Security Space launches.  Another transaction agreement was used in lieu of a standard procurement contract in order to leverage ongoing investment by industry in rocket propulsion systems. This other transaction agreement requires shared cost investment with United Launch Services for the development of prototypes of the Vulcan BE-4 rocket propulsion system, which is a booster stage engine, and the ACES rocket propulsion system, which is an upper stage engine. The Vulcan BE-4 award is for $45,820,515, or 98.3 percent of the total awarded amount. The ACES award is for $808,752, or 1.7 percent of the total awarded amount. Both of these rocket propulsion systems are intended for use on United Launch Alliance’s Vulcan launch vehicle. The locations of performance are Denver, Colorado; Decatur, Alabama; Kent, Washington; Midland, Texas; Jupiter, Florida; and Los Angeles Air Force Base, California. The work is expected to be completed no later than Dec. 31, 2019. Air Force fiscal 2015 research, development, test and evaluation funds in the amount of $26,344,603 are being obligated at the time of award.  United Launch Services is contributing $40,828,213 at the time of award.  The total potential government investment, including all options, is $201,655,584. The total potential investment by United Launch Services, including all options, is $134,196,971. This award is the result of a competitive acquisition with multiple offers received. The Launch Systems Enterprise Directorate, Space and Missile Systems Center, Los Angeles Air Force Base, California is the contracting activity (FA8811-16-9-0004).

RD-180's Atlas V Rocket Launches Heaviest Payload Yet

Thursday, March 24, 2016

United Launch Alliance sent yet another RD-180-powered Atlas V rocket to the International Space Station on March 22. This time, the payload was a big one.

In the final hour of March 22, 2016, the United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket AV-064 Engine 70T launched to the International Space Station from Launch Complex 41 in Cape Canaveral, Florida. The total payload weighed in at 7,500 kilograms, the heaviest yet for the Atlas V.

The AV-064 rocket is powered by the RD-180 engine, a product of RD AMROSS, Pratt & Whitney's joint venture with Energomash. Robert vanGiessen, chief engineer of the RD-180 program, said the launch included "a nearly flawless, textbook countdown."

The launched payload was the SS Rick Husband (OA-6), named after the commander of the Space Shuttle Columbia and an initial astronaut builder of the International Space Station. The SS Rick Husband is a Cygnus-class orbital cargo vehicle manufactured by Orbital ATK and developed as part of the commercial resupply services contract with NASA to perform International Space Station cargo delivery missions.

The SS Rick Husband, which will take two-and-a-half days to dock with the International Space Station, is carrying crew supplies and science equipment, including a new 3D printer, high resolution camera, 20 cubesats and a "fire in space" experiment.

VanGiessen congratulated the RD-180 team and thanked everyone for their dedication to the customer and, more broadly, to space science.

"The Orbital ATK customer is very happy with the precise placement of the orbital vehicle, and the International Space Station astronauts will be very happy with their new cargo and supplies," he said.

The next launch, AV-063 Engine 68T, will carry the MUOS-5 satellite for the U.S. Navy and is scheduled to launch from Complex 41 on May 5, 2016.

Atlas V to Launch the Fifth Mobile User Objective System (MUOS-5)

Rocket/Payload: An Atlas V 551 will launch the U.S. Navy’s fifth Mobile User Objective System (MUOS-5) satellite, built by Lockheed Martin.

Date/Site/Launch Time:
No earlier than Thursday, May 12, from Space Launch Complex-41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.

Mission Description:
The fifth Mobile User Objective System (MUOS-5) satellite is the latest addition to a network of orbiting satellites and relay ground stations that is revolutionizing secure communications for mobile military forces. Users with operational MUOS terminals can seamlessly connect beyond line-of-sight around the world and into the Global Information Grid. MUOS’ new commercial, cellular-based capabilities include simultaneous, crystal-clear voice, video and mission data, over a secure high-speed Internet Protocol-based system. 

Launch Notes:
MUOS-5 will mark the ULA’s fourth launch of 2016 and the 63rd Atlas V since the vehicle’s inaugural launch in August 2002. MUOS-5 will be the seventh mission to launch in the 551 configuration; other missions launched in this configuration include four previous MUOS missions as well as the New Horizons mission to Pluto and the Juno mission to Jupiter.

Launch Updates: To keep up to speed with updates to the launch countdown, dial the ULA launch hotline at 1-877-852-4321 or join the conversation at www.facebook.com/ulalaunch, twitter.com/ulalaunch and instagram.com/ulalaunch.

Jeff Bezos' BO Launches and Lands Private Rocket for Third Time

April 2, 2016 01:00pm ET

       Blue Origin founder Jeff Bezos stands near his firm's New Shepard rocket before its maiden voyage. Blue Origin launched the same rocket and crew capsule on its third test flight, which included a successful landing in West Texas, on April 2, 2016.

       Billionaire Jeff Bezos' private spaceflight company Blue Origin launched a prototype reusable rocket into space and then landed it back on Earth on today (April 2) in an epic third successful test flight in less than five months. 

       During today's unmanned test, Blue Origin's New Shepard rocket and capsule launched into suborbital space from the company's West Texas test site, its proving ground for reusable boosters. The capsule separated in space and returned to Earth via a parachute, while the New Shepard rocket descended on a plume of fire to stick its third vertical landing.

       "Flawless BE-3 restart and perfect booster landing," Blue Origin founder Jeff Bezos tweeted this morning at 11:18 a.m. EDT (1515 GMT), referring to New Shepard's BE-3 rocket engine. Bezos also confirmed that the crew capsule parachutes successfully deployed, and a few moments later tweeted: "[Crew capsule] touchdown confirmed." Bezos promised that video of the launch, including aerial views, would be released as soon as they could be processed.

SpaceX Rocket Makes Spectacular Landing on Drone Ship

Posted Fri, 04/8/2016

SpaceX launched a bouncy house to the International Space Station on Friday—and then successfully turned the first stage of its Falcon 9 rocket around, flew it back to Earth, and parked it on a drone ship floating 185 miles (300 kilometers) off the U.S. East Coast. It’s the first time anyone has done this, and it signals a step forward in making spaceflight significantly cheaper.

“The rocket landed instead of putting a hole in the ship, or tipping over, so we’re really excited about that,” said SpaceX founder Elon Musk at a press conference after the landing.

After launching from Cape Canaveral, Florida, the SpaceX rocket boosted its payload-carrying Dragon capsule toward low Earth orbit, then turned around and headed for home about 4.5 minutes after launch. As it approached the drone ship, named “Of Course I Still Love You,” the Falcon 9 righted itself, slowed down, and landed perfectly.

“The 1st stage of the Falcon 9 just landed on our ‘Of Course I Still Love You’ droneship. Dragon in good orbit,” Space X tweeted, in what must be the most understated announcement of the successful landing to cross our feed.

To space and back, in less than nine minutes? Hello, future.

It’s the fifth time SpaceX has tried to park a rocket on a ship; in 2015, the company successfully set a rocket back down on the ground, but landing at sea is much trickier than landing on…land…because the ocean is a moving beast. Previous attempts failed when earlier rockets toppled over and experienced a “rapid unscheduled disassembly” (i.e., they exploded).

Musk said that before today’s launch, company members were placing the odds of success at 2:1. “We thought it was more likely than not that this mission would work, but still probably have a 1/3 chance of failure,” Musk said. “It’s still quite tricky to land on a ship…it’s quite a tiny target.”

The name of the game here is making spaceflight cheaper by developing reusable rockets that can ferry people and cargo into orbit, instead of spending millions of dollars building new launch rockets. Blue Origin, a company owned by Jeff Bezos, is also working on reusable rocket systems, and has successfully landed its New Shepard rocket on the ground multiple times.

Mark Christmas says:

Mr. Musk–and the team at SpaceX–don’t make me proud to be an American. They make me proud to be a human being. So excited for the future of our species.

April 8 SpaceX Falcon9 Launch & Landing with Dragon

Цената на ракетата носител 'Falcon 9“, която извежда 13 150 килограма на LEO и 4 850 килограма на GTO е 61,2 милиона долара(2016). 61 200 000/13 150=4654$/kg
Според изявления от компанията с използване на върната ракета за втори път стойността на полета ще намалее с 30% или 0,7 от първоначалната. 0,7х61 200 000/13 150=3258$/kg
Според Илон Мъск първата степен ще може да се използва до 20 пъти, като първият полет на върнатата първа степен на 8 април 2016 година се очаква през май или юни и ще бъде комерсиален със съответната отстъпка в цената.

U.S. needs up to 18 more Russian rocket engines: Pentagon

April 9, 2016
By Phil Stewart

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The Pentagon will need to buy up to 18 more Russian-built RD-180 engines to power rockets carrying U.S. military satellites into space over the next six years or so, Deputy Defense Secretary Robert Work said in an interview on Friday.

Congress banned use of the Russian RD-180 rocket engines for military use after 2019, following Russia's annexation of the Crimea region of Ukraine in 2014.

But U.S. lawmakers eased the ban late last year, worried that it could drive United Launch Alliance, a joint venture of Lockheed Martin Corp and Boeing Co, out of business and leave only privately held SpaceX to lift satellites into space.

Work said the United States needed to ensure there were at least "two affordable and reliable means into space." He added the RD-180 would be needed only during what he described as a transition period of new domestic rocket engine development.

"We just don't see any way you can get a new engine in anything less than six years," Work said.

"And so, therefore, in the transition period, we believe strongly that we need RD-180 space engines. No more than 18 but, you know, that's our position."

Senator John McCain, chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, is pushing to end U.S. dependence on Russian engines used by United Launch Alliance to power its Atlas 5 rockets.

McCain said last month that two Russians placed on the U.S. sanctions list because of events in Ukraine were leaders of Russian space agency Roscosmos, which he said was the parent of the company that makes the RD-180 rocket.

ULA has said it was moving forward with two companies developing their own U.S. engines, Blue Origin and Aerojet Rocketdyne Holdings, but such development programs were difficult and took years to complete.

Hyten: Let Industry Buy ICBMs for Space Launch At Fair Price

Lara Seligman,
Defense News

7:48 p.m. EDT April 14, 2016

COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo. – The US government should allow aerospace companies to buy rocket motors from excess intercontinental ballistic missiles for commercial space launch, the chief of US Air Force Space Command said today — but the price must be right.

The Air Force is spending hundreds of millions of dollars to maintain about 800 decommissioned ICBM motors sitting in storage, Gen. John Hyten said Thursday during a media briefing at the Space Foundation’s annual National Space Symposium. But the Air Force can’t maintain these systems forever, Hyten said. At some point, they will become unusable and must be destroyed.

“From a taxpayer perspective, wouldn’t it be better to get some value out of that rather than just destroy them?” Hyten said.

But the solution is not quite so simple. The US must sustain a viable commercial sector for small payload launch long into the future, a market that could face destruction if it is flooded with government assets.

Orbital ATK, maker of the Minotaur family of launch vehicles that already use excess ICBM motors for Department of Defense space launch missions, is lobbying hard to get the US government to release those assets to the commercial marketplace. But newer companies that have invested significant money to build their own vehicles to launch small commercial payloads are pushing back, arguing the move would give an unfair advantage to Orbital ATK and kill innovation.

Though the Air Force is not the decision maker in this case — the final call lies with national policy makers — Hyten said he believes that selling the ICBM motors to industry for a competitive price could be the solution.

“If we just make those available, not for free, but available as part of that small business at a right number, I think there’s a sweet spot somewhere that we can find in order to do that,” Hyten said.

Giving the ICBMs away for free gives the buyer an unfair competitive advantage over companies that have invested in their own small payload launch vehicles, Hyten stressed. But “there has to be some way to transfer those at some cost in order to have a level playing field.”

However, he cautioned that “we cannot destroy the small launch business.”

“Whatever we do the long term that has to be there, so that may put us in a bind with what we do with the ICBMs,” Hyten said. “If that’s the case, that’s the case.”

Orion Exploration Mission-1 Crew Module Pressure Tested

 Lockheed Martin engineers and technicians prepare the Orion pressure vessel for a series of tests inside the proof pressure cell in the Neil Armstrong Operations and Checkout Building at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Photo credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

Spacecraft Approved for Assembly of Secondary Structures

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla., May 11, 2016 – The Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) and NASA Orion team has successfully proof-pressure tested the Orion spacecraft’s Exploration Mission-1 (EM-1) crew module. The crew module is the living quarters for astronauts and the backbone for many of Orion’s systems such as propulsion, avionics and parachutes.

In order to certify the structural integrity of the crew module it was outfitted with approximately 850 instruments and subjected to 1.25 times the maximum pressure the capsule is expected to experience during its deep space missions. That means about 20 pounds per square inch of pressure was distributed over the entire inner surface of the spacecraft trying to burst it from within. As a next step, the team will use phased array technology to inspect all of the spacecraft’s welds in order to ensure there are no defects.

Once the primary structure of the crew module has been verified, the team will begin the installation of secondary structures such as tubes, tanks and thrusters. Once those pieces are in place, the crew module will be moved into the clean room and the propulsion and environmental control and life support systems will be installed.

“Our experience building and flying Exploration Flight Test-1 has allowed us to improve the build and test process for the EM-1 crew module,” said Mike Hawes, Lockheed Martin Orion vice president and program manager. “Across the program we are establishing efficiencies that will decrease the production time and cost of future Orion spacecraft.”

During EM-1 Orion will be launched atop NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS) for the first time. The test flight will send Orion into lunar distant retrograde orbit – a wide orbit around the moon that is farther from Earth than any human-rated spacecraft has ever traveled. The mission will last about three weeks and will certify the design and safety of Orion and SLS for future human-rated exploration missions.

Dragon Splashdown

May 11, 2016
Dragon successfully splashed down at 11:31 am PT in the Pacific Ocean, completing the Commercial Resupply Services 8 (CRS 8) mission which began with the liftoff of Falcon 9 and Dragon back on April 8th.  Dragon delivered nearly 7,000 lbs of cargo and returned more than 3,700 lbs of cargo, including 1,300 lbs of science.  Dragon is the only operational spacecraft capable of both delivering and returning significant amounts of cargo to and from the International Space Station.

NASA's SLS Booster Passes Major Milestone on Journey to Mars (QM-2)

Публикуван на 28.06.2016 г.

A booster for the most powerful rocket in the world, NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS), was fired up Tuesday, June 28 at 11:05 a.m. EDT for a second qualification ground test at Orbital ATK's test facilities in Promontory, Utah. This was the last full-scale test for the booster before SLS is ready in 2018 for the first uncrewed test flight with NASA’s Orion spacecraft, marking a key milestone on the agency’s Journey to Mars.

The booster was tested at a cold motor conditioning target of 40 degrees Fahrenheit –the colder end of its accepted propellant temperature range. When ignited, temperatures inside the booster reached nearly 6,000 degrees. The two-minute, full-duration ground qualification test provided NASA with critical data on 82 qualification objectives that will support certification of the booster for flight. Engineers now will evaluate test data captured by more than 530 instrumentation channels on the booster.

Boeing - CST-100 Starliner Update 07-26-2016

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